Momentary Switch Circuit for Omega2



  • Hi all,

    I am working on a project that will use 8 momentary switches as input to an Omega2. (I'm using 4 SPDT switches.) Based on this page (Reading a Switch) and this one (Reading a Push Button) this is the circuit I've come up with:

    Switch Circuit for Omega2

    The (5V) will be connected to the 5V pin on the expansion dock and the ground to GND. This will, of course, be replicated for each of the 8 switches. I know very little about electronics, so I'm hoping that I can get some input on this. Am I missing anything?

    I was planning on using pins 0-3 and 6-9 on the expansion dock as they aren't labelled as anything else -- will that work?

    Thanks,

    Roger



  • Hi,

    If this is not an appropriate place to get help with this, is there a better forum? I'd like to move ahead with this, but I don't want to fry my onion either.

    Thanks,

    Roger



  • So, I don't think that circuit is going to do what you want.

    I see you have a voltage divider comprised of 51K and 5.1k.

    What will happen is the higher GPIO input resistance makes it possible for much higher then 3.3v to be present at the GPIO pin, especially when no current is flowing.

    What you want to do is create a voltage divider to ground configured in such a way that the voltage to the pin will never exceed 3.3v, but really anything over 2.8v is good enough.

    Something more like this drawing.

    Also, take care with the pins you hook up to, many of the GPIO need to be left floating at boot.

    It might make more sense to use a MCP23008 DIO expander to monitor the inputs instead of direct to the Onion.

    0_1554321628109_Screen Shot 2019-04-03 at 2.54.39 PM.png



  • @Jeff-Seese
    Onion Omega2 Arduino Dock Starter Kit
    ...Reading a Push Button
    ......Debouncing Switches
    0_1554324719389_Arduino_Push_Button.png
    Originally that GPIO was an ATmega328P pin.That two resistors are not a voltage divider. The 5.1 kOhm is a current limiter.
    As you know the GPIOs of Omega2 are not 5 V tolerant but - with this circuit - Omega2 most probably will not damage (immediately ;-).
    OP should connect the 51 kOhm resistor to 3.3 V.



  • @Roger-Sinasohn There are only seven (7) "free" GPIO Inputs on the Expansion Dock's Expansion Header for this circuit.
    Using the Omega’s GPIOs
    After the next commands you can use GPIO 0, 2, 3, 6, 18, 19, 46.
    omega2-ctrl gpiomux set uart1 gpio
    omega2-ctrl gpiomux set spi_cs1 gpio

    # Omega2+  FW v0.3.2 b218
    
    root@Omega-5BE1:/# omega2-ctrl gpiomux set uart1 gpio
    set gpiomux uart1 -> gpio
    root@Omega-5BE1:/# omega2-ctrl gpiomux set spi_cs1 gpio
    set gpiomux spi_cs1 -> gpio
    
    root@Omega-5BE1:/# omega2-ctrl gpiomux get
    Group i2c - [i2c] gpio
    Group uart0 - [uart] gpio 
    Group uart1 - uart [gpio] pwm01      (*GPIO45), GPIO46 
    Group uart2 - [uart] gpio pwm23
    Group pwm0 - pwm [gpio]                GPIO18
    Group pwm1 - pwm [gpio]                GPIO19
    Group refclk - refclk [gpio] 
    Group spi_s - spi_s [gpio] pwm01_uart2 
    Group spi_cs1 - spi_cs1 [gpio] refclk  GPIO6 
    Group i2s - i2s [gpio] pcm             GPIO0, GPIO2, GPIO3
    Group ephy - [ephy] gpio 
    Group wled - wled [gpio]
    

    I was planning on using pins 0-3 and 6-9 on the expansion dock as they aren't labelled as anything else -- will that work?

    Sorry, I don't understand this.

    Expansion Dock's
    Expansion Header pinout (top view)
    
                    +-----+ 
               GND  | 1  2|
              3.3V  | 3  4|
                    | 5  6|
             GPIO3  | 7  8|
             GPIO2  | 9 10|
    (RX1)   GPIO46  |11 12|
    (TX1) (*GPIO45) |13 14|
                    |15 16|
                    |17 18|  GPIO18
                    |19 20|  GPIO19
             GPIO6  |21 22|
                    |23 24|
             GPIO0  |25 26|  GND
                    |27 28|
               GND  |29 30|  3.3V
                    +-----+ 
    
    * GPIO45 already has a 4.7 kOhm pullup resistor under the shielding
    

    Be careful!
    The GPIO's of Omega2(+) are not 5 V tolerant - so you should connect the pullup resistors to 3.3 V.

    Good luck.



  • Thanks for all the help! Going in reverse order...

    @György-Farkas -- I think I meant "GPIO" rather than "pins" when I said "I was planning on using pins 0-3 and 6-9 on the expansion dock". I was referring to the labels next to the expansion header, as seen in this image:

    0_1555091686627_d4006223-b996-4b77-a450-307dd32a9967-image.png

    The ones I was looking at are pins 7, 9, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, and 25. (They're labelled 3, 2, 9, 8, 7, 6, 1, and 0, respectively.)

    I take it I can't just use those? I would really like to have 8 inputs if at all possible.

    @György-Farkas @Jeff-Seese -- I didn't realize that the circuit I found was meant for the arduino; will it work if I connect it to 3.3v instead of 5v? I think Jeff's circuit is very similar but has different resistor and capacitor values to account for the 5v. Given that the expansion board also has 3.3v available, what values would I need to use?

    I apologize for the basic questions; I'm a software guy by trade, where on is on and off is off and there's no ambiguity and nothing in between.

    Thanks for the help!



  • I you are using 3.3v then the schematic I sent you will work if you leave out R2.



  • @Roger-Sinasohn You can't use GPIO7, 8, 9 and 1 with this circuit.

    GPIO7, 8 and 9 (header pins 19, 17 and 15 respectively) together is the SPI interface - so these pins are mandatory of the system.
    GPIO1 (pin 23) has a 4.7kOhm pull-down resistor under the shielding so - using this circuit - this Input is always Low independently of the push button's state.

    You wrote previously:

    ... a project that will use 8 momentary switches as input to an Omega2. (I'm using 4 SPDT switches.)

    What does '8 momentary sw.' vs. '4 SPDT sw.' mean exactly?



  • @György-Farkas said in Momentary Switch Circuit for Omega2:

    You wrote previously:

    ... a project that will use 8 momentary switches as input to an Omega2. (I'm using 4 SPDT switches.)

    What does '8 momentary sw.' vs. '4 SPDT sw.' mean exactly?

    Perhaps I didn't word that correctly... I'm using 4 physical switches, each of which, being a SPDT, has two independent logical? switched. That is, push the lever forward, that's one input; pull it back and that's another.

    It sounds, however, like I can only have 7 inputs? You mentioned GPIOs 0, 2, 3, 6, 18, 19, and 46. There's no way to get an 8th?

    Note: I also want to use the SDA/SCL to hookup an LCD, but I don't think that's a problem.

    Thanks for all your help!

    Roger



  • @Roger-Sinasohn If I understand well instead the 8 normally open momentary pushbuttons (see the upper layout) you want to use 4 SPDT switches (see the lower layout). Sorry, I can't follow you. Could you explain what do you want to make? More details or a little schematic would be nice.
    0_1555510926532_Schematic_Omega2-GPIO.png
    You wrote:

    I'm using 4 physical switches, each of which, being a SPDT, has two independent logical? switched.

    0_1555511046871_SPDT_switches_.png
    What are you talking about please?



  • @György-Farkas

    I want to have 8 inputs so the user can select one and the onion will note which switch is pressed and display a message accordingly. That is:

    if sw1 is pressed then
    add 1 to sw1-tally
    display "switch 1 was pressed!"
    else if sw2 is pressed then
    add 1 to sw2-tally
    display "switch 2 was pressed!"
    . . .
    etc.

    Instead of 8 pushbutton switches, I want to use 4 mom-off-mom SPDT switches such as these:

    https://amzn.to/2IFtMYT
    0_1555536877972_b6710196-62c8-4019-a9d3-0f92d67f1b73-image.png

    The toggle switch should be functionally equivalent to 2 pushbuttons. The main different between what I'm using ant the toggle switch you showed is that there is a middle "off" position.

    So the schematic is something like this:

    0_1555538046394_1cd1eae6-1260-4809-bf82-c5b6aecbb5d1-image.png

    Note that for each of those switched, the normal condition is in the middle, not connected to either output.



  • @Roger-Sinasohn OK. Now I see that you want to use a special momentary (ON)-OFF-(ON) version of the standard SPDT switch.
    It has a third switching position in the centre which is off and returns to the central off position when released.

    About the 8th GPIO:
    Omega2(+)'s U-Boot set GPIO11 to Output and High (this is a "secret" hack of Onion guys ;).
    With a fast-gpio set-input 11 command you will get that highly requested 8th GPIO Input - but in this case

    • the on board RESET BUTTON of the Expansion Dock won't work
    • and you can't use Onion's genuine PWM Expansion and OLED Expansion without some little hardware modifications

    Maybe I'll write "a few" words about that debouncing circuit... later.


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